GPCR Lab., College of Medicine, Korea University
 Mol Cells. 2016 May 31;39(5):403-9.      
GPCR Lab., Pulication download system
 Characterization of Functional Domains in NME1L Regulation of NF-κB Signaling.
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You DJ, Park CR, Mander S, Ahn C, Seong JY, Hwang JI.
Graduate School of Medicine, Korea University, 73 Inchon-ro, Seongbuk-gu, Seoul, 136-705, Republic of Korea.

NME1 is a well-known metastasis suppressor which has been reported to be downregulated in some highly aggressive cancer cells. Although most studies have focused on NME1, the NME1 gene also encodes the protein (NME1L) containing N-terminal 25 extra amino acids by alternative splicing. According to previous studies, NME1L has potent anti-metastatic activity, in comparison with NME1, by interacting with IKKβ and regulating its activity. In the present study, we tried to define the role of the N-terminal 25 amino acids of NME1L in NF-κB activation signaling. Unfortunately, the sequence itself did not interact with IKKβ, suggesting that it may be not enough to constitute the functional structure. Further construction of NME1L fragments and biochemical analysis revealed that N-terminal 84 residues constitute minimal structure for homodimerization, IKKβ interaction and regulation of NF-κB signaling. The inhibitory effect of the fragment on cancer cell migration and NF-κB-stimulated gene expression was equivalent to that of whole NME1L. The data suggest that the N-terminal 84 residues may be a core region for the anti-metastatic activity of NME1L. Based on this result, further structural analysis of the binding between NME1L and IKKβ may help in understanding the anti-metastatic activity of NME1L and provide direction to NME1L and IKKβ-related anti-cancer drug design.

IDS Number:
ISSN: 1016-8478
DOI: 10.14348/molcells.2016.2320